The Olympic Games, which date back 3,000 years to ancient Greece, were revived at the end of the 19th century and have since become the most prestigious sporting competition in the world. The oldest documented accounts of the ancient Olympics date back to 776 BC, when a chieftain named Coroebus won the only event, a 192 meter foot race. However, it is widely believed that the Games had already been going on for several years by then. We think there have been many weird sports that once featured in the olympics that have come and gone or evolved into some of the events that we see today.
The ancient Olympics were held on a religious festival honoring Zeus every four years. The Games were named after Olympia, a sacred site on the western shore of the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece, where they were held. Their effect was so enormous that ancient historians began counting the years between the Olympics in four-year increments.
All competitions were held on the same day in the early centuries of Olympic competition; later the Games were spread over four days, with the fifth day devoted to the closing awards ceremony and a banquet for the champions. The majority of competitors were professionals training full time for the events. Although the only reward at Olympia is a crown or garland, an Olympic champion gained great fame and often great benefits from his hometown.
In April 1896, the first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens, where the Ancient Games were held in ancient times. In 1900, Paris hosted the second Olympic Games. For the first time, women competed at the Paris Olympics in 1900. Of the 997 participants, 22 women competed in only five sports: tennis, sailing, croquet, equestrian activities and golf. Charlotte Cooper, a British tennis player who won five times Wimbledon, was the first female Olympic champion.
Eighty years later, around 11,000 competitors from a record number of 201 countries took part in the 2004 Summer Olympics, held in Athens for the first time in more than a century. Additionally, that year’s shot put tournament is held near the site of the Classic Games at Olympia, in a move that combines Olympic traditions ancient and present.
The responsibility of hosting the Olympic Games is given to a city rather than a country. The IOC makes the final decision on the city. With the cooperation of the national government, the highest authority in the city applies to host the Games. Depending on the request, political meetings or demonstrations should not be held in the stadium, other sports grounds or the Olympic Village. Candidates also guarantee that all competitors will be admitted free of charge, regardless of religion, race or political affiliation; this includes a guarantee from the national government that no visa will be refused to any competitor.
Money has the most significant impact on the modern Olympics. Commercialism coexists with remarkable athleticism and a sense of camaraderie that permeates participants around the world. It’s been clear since the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles that a city hosting the Games can expect a financial windfall as fans and sponsors flock to the event. As a result, the selection of host cities has become politicized due to the huge profit potential. As a result, there is a high risk of corruption. In fact, in late 1998, controversy erupted when it was discovered that developers involved in Salt Lake City’s campaign for the 2002 Winter Olympics had paid IOC members, forcing them to resign.
Each country that wants to participate in the Olympic Games must have a National Olympic Committee certified by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). There were over 200 such committees at the start of the 21st century. At least five National Sports Federations must be associated with an acceptable International Federation to form a National Olympic Committee (NOC).
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